S. Paul Kapur is a professor in the Department of National Security Affairs at the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School and a faculty affiliate at Stanford University's Center for International Security and Cooperation. Previously, Kapur was on the faculties of the U.S. Naval War College and Claremont McKenna College; a visiting professor at Stanford; and a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Chicago, where he received his doctorate in political science. Kapur's research interests include the international security environment in South Asia, Islamist militancy, nuclear weapons proliferation, and deterrence theory. He is author of Dangerous Deterrent: Nuclear Weapons Proliferation and Conflict in South Asia (Stanford University Press, 2007) and co-author of India, Pakistan and the Bomb: Debating Nuclear Stability in South Asia (Columbia University Press, 2010). His work has also appeared in journals such as International Security, Security Studies, Asian Survey, Nonproliferation Review, and Asian Security, as well as in numerous edited volumes.
Islamist militants based in Pakistan have repeatedly been involved in major terrorist incidents throughout the world, such as the September 11, 2001, attacks on New York and Washington. Their strikes on government, coalition, and civilian targets in Afghanistan undermine stabilization efforts in that country. Operations against India, such as the 2008 Mumbai attacks, threaten to [...]